Sunday, July 25, 2010

1. Basic Definitions

Nikawa - a hide-glue solution used as a binder for pigments

Kumohada (cloud skin) - commonly-used, hand-made paper from western Japan. Its high quality even texture makes it exceptional for Japanese painting

Dhosa - a mixture of nikawa, water and aluminum sulfate (myoban also known as alum) used for sizing paper

Gofun - powdered calcium carbonate that is made from cured oyster, clam or scallop shells mixed with nikawa is used as a ground, for under-painting, and as a fine white top color.

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